How often we see editors accuse each other of their party being the cause of this trouble. The Democrats accuse the Abolitionists and the Republicans accuse the South. Now when there is a difference of opinion it may be that neither is right. Every person, sixty years of age, knows that formerly there were two parties, the Federal and the Republican party and that the South was divided like the North. How came the whole South or nearly the whole South to change and become united against this party now called Republicans? My first vote was thrown for Jackson. Adams was elected; Calhoun nullified the tariff and was put down. The Democratic party at that time never advocated free trade. Now it is one of their measures, so Democracy covers that, but it is one of the new Democratic features. At that time the Whigs advocated the tariff as the Republicans do now.
There was at the North and South another party kept up by the leaders of the Democracy; this was the ultra party. The Democrats had their hobby to keep their party together, while the Whigs advocated the constitution and equal rights to all. The Democrats, after the free trade policy became grafted into their creed, commenced the cry of aristocracy and tariff, that the people were taxed for the benefit of the rich and the duties came out of the poor. This bugbear had its effect on the South and they kept up the cry that it was to build up the rich at the North at the expense of the South. By this kind of deception the defeated party got into power and thus deceived the people into free trade. Now how does it happen that foreign nations are opposed to a tariff in our country if the consumers pay it? What difference to them is it if we pay the duty? But that is not the fact. The tariff, like all other competitions must reduce the prices if it is not so high as to act as prohibitive. You cannot name an article, with one exception, that is manufactured that has not fallen, and that is liquor. That is a democratic doctrine of free trade.
I will admit that liquor has risen by competition, for when there was no competition, foreign liquors were high and yet were retailed at three cents a glass in all saloons and at the first class houses it was but six cents; now there is forty times as much and not half as pure. And yet under the Democratic doctrine of free trade, it has risen to three times what it formerly was. Now the poorest N.E. rum is six cents and logwood brandy is ten cents a glass. This fine free trade doctrine has got up a feeling against the two sections of the country. It is one of the bugbears of Democracy and another is the negro question. That has had its effect and is still harped on by the Tories of the North, who are the very ones that have caused the destruction of the political parties. The Democratic party is the cause of all this trouble. When the Whigs of the North and South were in sympathy with each other, the northern Democrats were accusing the Whigs of being Abolitionists for the purpose of uniting the South.
The Democrats at the South were telling the Southern people that the Whigs were against them at the North. This deception of the Democrats of the South drove all the South together and split up the North by aggravating a few fanatics that always voted so as to throw the power into the Democrats' hands till it broke up the Whig party. Then the honest Democrats united and commenced making war with the two parties. The Democrats attacked them as they did the Whigs by calling them Abolitionists. This enraged them and it led large numbers of their friends to leave the Democratic party. The Whigs who believed this humbug thought that all who joined this new party must be Abolitionists, so they abandoned their party and went in for the extension of slavery, when it never was a question at the time of the two parties. The Republicans of this day are on the same platform that the Whigs of the North and South occupied thirty years ago and then the Democrats did not dare to advocate the doctrine they do now. Here is the beginning and end of all Democracy. It was born in sin and its growth has been its own destruction. It has finished its work and given up the ghost; its leaders will go year after year to the polls and look on the party that has transgressed all honor and patriotism. And their consciences will burn with guilt and they will become the outcasts of society and the abhorrence of all the parties.
Now let every old Whig ask himself this question. What did the Democratic leaders accuse you of; was it not that you were Abolitionists? You know whether you were or not. This has been all the trouble at the South. It was for political power. Do not these Tories accuse you now of being Abolitionists? Does not the Argus try every way to identify Republicans with Abolitionists? Read that paper about the first of September 1861, quotations from Henry Clay about the Abolitionists, and then turn to the time he made the speech, and in that same lying sheet you will see that the same paper that now quotes him, there called the Clay party, Abolitionists. Here is the inconsistency of the Democratic party. The Whigs never were and never will be Abolitionists; they were for letting slavery alone and for having Congress do the same.
Sept. 10, 1861