What has a man to contend with who undertakes to establish a new science? He has the opposition of all the former opinions of the world in regard to it, and all their influence. He will be misunderstood by fools and misrepresented by knaves, for his science will tear down their fortress or belief and they will use all their skill and deception to defeat their enemy. Their weapon is their tongue, and the tongue of a hypocrite is of all weapons the most deadly to truth: for it can assume the voice form of an angel while it is sapping your very life's blood from your soul. Its life and happiness are its own torment. Ever since the world began, science has had this enemy to contend with, and some very hard battles have been fought before error would leave the field. And when forced to retreat into darkness, it would come out when truth was asleep and destroy the happiness of science. Therefore science must keep awake for its own safety. These two powers are in every person, and each one's happiness or misery shows where they are.
If well and happy, it is no proof that they have been through this war of science and arrived at the truth, but that they from some cause are satisfied to become the friend of both powers. In this way they are a kind of know-nothing, but their position is not safe, for their enemy knows their position and only lets them remain while they will keep still or quiet.
What has the truth accomplished? A great deal. It has planted its standard in this battlefield. The standard of mathematics waves its banner to the truth-astronomy, chemistry. These monuments of science, like Solomon's temple, are the place where truth comes to worship, and the true priests are those who can teach these sciences understandingly; and the masses are those whose belief is founded on these teachers' opinions, without knowing the science or truth, but pin their faith on another's opinion or sleeves. This credulity of the people prompts men to selfishness, and there arise false teachers whose aim is to deceive the people and make themselves famous. They throw discredit on their ideas and render them unpopular so that if the same standard should be adopted by a true priest, he would have much opposition to meet with in the minds of those who have been deluded and imposed upon by hypocrites. This places a man in a very bad place to defend himself, and all the influence he gets is from those he cures, and they dare not stand up and face the world and sustain their position, for it is so unpopular that their reputation is at stake. This is the state the two armies are in when the leader plants his standard of science with this inscription, The Science of True Religion is Health, Happiness, and Deliverance.